CSD Facilities and Laboratories
Penn State Speech and Hearing Clinic
The Penn State Speech and Hearing Clinic is housed within the department of Communication Sciences and Disorders. The Clinic sponsors several programs designed to give students clinical experience with a wide variety of communication disorders in subjects of all age groups. Supervision is provided by CSD faculty holding Certificates of Clinical Competence in Speech/Language Pathology and Audiology. The Clinic contains individual and group therapy rooms, audiological suites, and both adult and child therapy rooms.
Speech and Language Services
Child Therapy Program
The Child Therapy Program (CTP) provides services to preschool and school-age children who have delays or disorders in language, fluency, voice, articulation, and phonology, including those with severe speech impairments requiring augmentative and alternative communication.
Adult Therapy Program
The Adult Therapy Program (ATP) provides services to adults (18 years or older) with a variety of speech and language disorders. The adults in this program are from the local geographic area.
Residential Adult Therapy Program
The Residential Adult Therapy Program (RATP) also provides services to adults with a variety of speech and language disorders. The RATP is unique because it is residential in nature. Most of the clients who attend this program live on the Penn State Campus and attend intensive individual and group speech-language therapy.
University Therapy Program
The University Therapy Program (UTP) provides speech-language services to undergraduate or graduate students enrolled at Penn State.
The Audiology Clinic (AC) provides a complete range of audiological assessment and habilitation/rehabilitation services, including adult and pediatric audiological evaluations, otoacoustic emissions, digital hearing aid assessment and dispensing, and central auditory processing evaluations and research. Patients range in age from infancy to geriatrics. Further, the AC provides adult aural rehabilitation therapy and pediatric aural rehabilitation support groups.
Practicum and Externship
In addition to these on-site clinical programs, the coordinators of the Speech and Hearing Clinic also arrange practicum experiences in conjunction with other University programs in Special Education and Human Development and with the State College Area and surrounding school districts and other nearby facilities. Also, all students are required to do an off-campus externship. The externship is a full-time experience and is completed during the last semester of study. Externship sites are selected through consultation with the externship site coordinator and approved by the coordinator.
The Psychosocial, Perceptual and Acoustic Laboratory (PAL) (Dr. Gordon Blood and Dr. Ingrid Blood) conducts research projects using a variety of analysis procedures and techniques ranging from extensive survey and qualitative studies, acoustic and aerodynamic analyses of the voice output to auditory brainstem studies in adolescents and adults with communication disabilities. Current investigations include:
- Immediate and long-term impact of bullying and victimization in children and adults who stutter
- Advocacy roles, perceptions and attitudes of school-based personnel (e.g., speech-language pathologists and educational audiologists) in eliminating victimization in children with communication and social disabilities (e.g. stuttering, autism spectrum disorders, hard of hearing)
- Perception of speech and voice quality in individuals with speech, hearing and voice disorders
- Neural mechanisms responsible for disfluent speech in people who stutter
- Impact of environmental factors on acoustic, glottographic, aerodynamic measurements of the adult and aging voice
- Hearing loss prevention in college-age students
The long-term goals of our research are to 1) improve evidence-based services for individuals with communication disabilities and 2) better prepare the next generation of SLPs to assist in addressing the attitudinal, behavioral and cognitive aspects of communication and social disabilities.
The Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Developmental Disabilities Laboratory (Dr. Kathryn Drager) houses projects that seek to improve the lives of individuals with disabilities, specifically school-age children, adolescents, and adults with developmental disabilities, including autism. Studies in this laboratory also examine applications for individuals within low-resource communities, where technological solutions may not be readily available. In all contexts, research is ongoing investigating interventions within daily life. The lab is equipped with digital audio and video recording and editing capability.
The Orofacial Physiology and Perceptual Analysis (OPPAL) Laboratory (Dr. Nicole Etter) focuses on ways humans process and use sensory information for the purposes of speech production and feeding. OPPAL is home to a unique stimulus delivery system, custom designed to deliver tactile inputs to orofacial skin surface during simultaneous performance of visually guided behaviors in the lower face. We are interested in better understanding the relationship between sensation (auditory and orofacial somatosensation) and skilled movement behaviors used for speech production. We are analyzing how this relationship may be altered as a feature of healthy aging, neurologic disorders (stroke or traumatic brain injury), and/or lifestyle variables (smoking history, etc.). Additional work in the lab focuses on the use of technology and Engagement Theory for adults completing home-based motor speech interventions.
The Autism Spectrum Disorders Laboratory (Dr. Erinn Finke) houses state-of-the-art digital audio and video equipment as well as computer workstations that are equipped for analyzing and editing audio, video, and eye tracking recordings and performing a variety of statistical analyses. A wide variety of testing instruments for assessing language, communication and social skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is also available. Research in this laboratory focuses on improving communication and social outcomes for individuals with ASD and/or complex communication needs. Specifically, the ongoing research projects in this laboratory are investigating how intervention efforts can be redesigned to improve social interactions between children with ASD and their typically developing peers, particularly focused on friendship-based outcomes. We are investigating the use of video games as a context for promoting interactions between children with ASD and their peers, as well as how individuals with ASD use social media outlets to connect with others via online environments.
The Speech Production Laboratory (Dr. Ji Min Lee) houses projects that seek to understand why less comprehensible speech occurs by examining speech sound and tongue movement. The long term goal of the laboratory is to develop strategies to enhance speakers’ speech intelligibility (e.g., speakers with dysarthria). Research in this laboratory focuses on kinematic characteristics (with an emphasis on tongue movement) that influence speech intelligibility and acoustic variables in speakers with and without speech disorders. The Speech Production Laboratory is equipped with a portable 3 dimensional electromagnetic articulography (Wave system, Northern Digital Inc.). The system allows examining tongue movement with synchronized acoustic signals in a non-invasive and safe way.
The Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Laboratory (Dr. Janice Light) houses a wide array of state of the art AAC assistive technology designed to meet the needs of individuals with significant communication disabilities. This assistive technology is used to support research, education of families and professionals, and service delivery to people with significant communication disabilities. The AAC labs also serve as a resource center for individuals who require AAC, their families, professionals, and Penn State students and faculty. The AAC Labs house all of the assistive technology, have digital audio and video recording and editing capability, and allow for meeting space.
The Child Language Development Laboratory (Dr. Carol Miller) focuses on typical and atypical language development in children and adults. The lab is equipped to collect high-quality analog and digital audio and video recordings. Necessary computer hardware and software is available for digitizing and editing audio as well as video. Several powerful statistical analysis software packages are used to meet a wide variety of research needs. Software for the analysis of language transcripts is also available. The lab is equipped with a number of instruments for assessment of language and cognition, and hardware and software for conducting computer-based experiments.
The Adult Neuroplasticity Laboratory (Dr. Chaleece Sandberg) conducts behavioral and neuroimaging experiments to help uncover the neurophysiological changes underlying behavioral changes associated with successful therapy for language and cognition deficits in adults with acquired brain injury and to develop therapies that promote generalization and neuroplasticity. To this end, the lab utilizes fMRI and EEG imaging resources within the Social, Life, and Engineering sciences Imaging Center (SLEIC). The lab is equipped with the necessary hardware and software to conduct imaging and behavioral experiments and to analyze fMRI, EEG, and behavioral data, and with the necessary instruments to conduct in-depth assessments of language and cognition, including high quality video recordings.
The Laboratory for the Study of Visual Supports in Communication and Education (Dr. Krista Wilkinson) houses a variety of projects that seek to improve the effectiveness of visual support used in communication intervention for individuals with developmental and intellectual disabilities. Many such children use visual schedules, calendars, or communication books that have pictures of upcoming activities, desired foods, friends, or favorite social activities. The studies in this laboratory examine how systematic consideration of the construction of these displays (placement and color of the symbols on the aid, for instance) might influence functional communication or learning outcomes. The research includes basic studies of visual processing conducted within the laboratory as well as applied instructional procedures embedded within storybook reading activities that take place in children’s homes or schools. Future planned studies include neuro-imaging studies that will allow us to examine brain responses to the visual communication symbols presented on the displays.
The Cognition and Language Learning Lab (Dr. Williams) conducts behavioral and functional imaging projects investigating memory and language processing with an emphasis on children and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Ongoing research in this lab includes analysis of data from neuropsychologic and linguistic measures investigating how individuals with ASD who are successful learners process information. New studies under development will use computer-based tasks that systematically vary the processing load during cognitive and linguistic processing to investigate factors that make learning more or less successful for children and adults with ASD. Other planned projects will investigate the process of verbal encoding and word retrieval in individuals with ASD using behavioral and functional imaging measures.